Honouring Gallantry and Commemorating Sacrifice
When the Second World War broke out in 1939, Dundee Harbour was the home port of the Royal Navy’s powerful 2nd Submarine Flotilla. From April 1940 to May 1945, it was also the base for the 9th Submarine Flotilla, a unique force of British, Dutch, Free French, Norwegian and Polish crews. Russian submarine crews also operated from Dundee in the summer of 1944.
The Dundee International Submarine Memorial honours all the submariners who sailed from the Tay during the Second World War and commemorates the six submarines and 296 sailors and commandos who never returned and are ‘Still on Patrol’.
Still on Patrol - The Lost Dundee Submarines:
• HMS Oxley. Sunk in error by HMS Triton on 10 September 1939. Fifty-three crew lost, two survivors.
• HMS Thames. Lost, probably in an enemy minefield, early in August 1940 after attacking the German battlecruiser Gneisenau. All 62 crew lost.
• Dutch O-13. Lost, possibly in an enemy minefield, during a patrol in the North Sea in June 1940. All 31 Dutch and three British crew killed.
• Dutch O-22. Lost, probably in an enemy minefield, while on patrol off south-west Norway in November 1940. All 42 Dutch and three British crew killed. Her wreck 40 miles off the Norwegian coast is a protected war grave.
• Norwegian Uredd. Sunk by an enemy mine while on patrol near Bodø in February 1943. All 32 Norwegian and three British crew lost along with six Norwegian commandos and one MI6 agent in transit to occupied Norway. Her wreck in Fugløy Fjord is a protected war grave.
• Soviet B-1 (ex-HMS Sunfish). Sailed from Dundee to join the Soviet Northern Fleet and sunk in a tragic friendly fire incident off Norway on 27 July 1944. All 50 Soviet and one British crew lost.
• Free French Rubis. One man lost overboard while the submarine was returning through a minefield after being damaged during an attack on an enemy convoy off Norway in 1941.
• Operation Musketoon. Raiding party landed by the Free French submarine Junon to attack a power station near Narvik in occupied Norway in September 1942. One commando was fatally injured. Seven others were taken prisoner and executed at Sachsenhausen concentration camp.